Male Fertility and Lifestyle
Men frequently ask about modifiable risk factors for male infertility. Many of these lifestyle choices will affect the number and quality of sperm.
- Males should avoid excessive heat including: saunas, hot tubs, excessive notebook use on your lap, tight fitting shorts, etc.
- Limit coffee to 1 or 2 cups per day.
- Do not smoke.
- Do not use marijuana, cocaine, or other recreational drugs. Marijuana stays in the testes for 2 weeks, so even using it once every two weeks will have a negative effect.
- Exercise regularly and moderately.
- Drink no more than 2 ounces of alcohol twice per week.
- .Have good nutritional habits, especially a diet rich in fresh fruits, leafy vegetables and fish. Avoid excess of animal fat (red meat, fried food, cheese and whole milk). Diets high in animal fat are associated with a high risk of prostate cancer and heart disease.
- Be aware of sexual problems and do not hesitate to ask for medical help.
- Patients should educate themselves about health and reproduction.
- Seek emotional and/or psychological support; consider meditation to reduce stress