Male Fertility and Lifestyle

Men’s Health and Fertility: Lifestyle Information

Men frequently ask about modifiable risk factors for male infertility.  Many of these lifestyle choices will affect the number and quality of sperm.

  1. Males should avoid excessive heat including:  saunas, hot tubs, excessive notebook use on your lap, tight fitting shorts, etc.
  2. Limit coffee to 1 or 2 cups per day.
  3. Do not smoke.
  4. Do not use marijuana, cocaine, or other recreational drugs. Marijuana stays in the testes for 2 weeks, so even using it once every two weeks will have a negative effect.
  5. Exercise regularly and moderately.
  6. Drink no more than 2 ounces of alcohol twice per week.
  7. .Have good nutritional habits, especially a diet rich in fresh fruits, leafy vegetables and fish. Avoid excess of animal fat (red meat, fried food, cheese and whole milk). Diets high in animal fat are associated with a high risk of prostate cancer and heart disease.
  8. Be aware of sexual problems and do not hesitate to ask for medical help.
  9. Patients should educate themselves about health and reproduction.
  10. Seek emotional and/or psychological support; consider meditation to reduce stress